Celebrate Black History
Jack Roosevelt “Jackie” Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was the first African American to play Major League Baseball (MLB) in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when the Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947. As the first major league team to play a black man since the 1880s, the Dodgers ended racial segregation that had relegated black players to the Negro leagues for six decades. The example of Robinson’s character and unquestionable talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation, which then marked many other aspects of American life, and contributed significantly to the Civil Rights Movement.
In addition to his cultural impact, Robinson had an exceptional baseball career. Over ten seasons, all of which but the first he placed as a second baseman, he played in six World Series and contributed to the Dodgers’ 1955 World Championship. He was selected for six consecutive All-Star Games, from 1949 to 1954, was the recipient of the inaugural MLB Rookie of the Year Award in 1947, and won the National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949—the first black player so honored. Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. In 1997, Major League Baseball “universally” retired his uniform number, 42, across all major league teams; he was the first pro athlete in any sport to be so honored. Initiated for the first time on April 15, 2004, Major League Baseball has adopted a new annual tradition, “Jackie Robinson Day,” in which all players on all teams wear #42.
Robinson was also known for his pursuits outside the baseball diamond. He was the first black television analyst in Major League Baseball, and the first black vice-president of a major American corporation. In the 1960s, he helped establish the Freedom National Bank, an African-American-owned financial institution based in Harlem, New York. In recognition of his achievements on and off the field, Robinson was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional Gold Medal.
This Day In Black History (Feb. 18):
1. MOREHOUSE COLLEGE FOUNDED (1867) – Morehouse College was founded originally in Agusta, Georgia as the Augusta Institute before moving to Atlanta in 1879.
2. TONI MORRISON BORN (1931) – Pulitzer Prize winning author (Beloved) Toni Morrison born on this day, in Lorain, Ohio.
3. CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIVIST KILLED (1965) – Jimmie Lee Jackson, civil rights activist was shot while trying to protect his mother and grandfather during a protest demonstration led by Rev. C.T. Vivian. He was reportedly shot by Tropper James Bonard Fowler who surrended to authorities on May 10th, 2007.
4. WINTER OLYMPIC 1ST (2006) – Shani Davis became the first Black to win an individual gold medal in Winter Olympic history.
He captured the men’s 1,000-meter speed skating race in Turin, Italy.
- Jackie Robinson’s Birthday (goodolewoody.wordpress.com)